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Occasional  Paper 32: Sustainable Energy & Community Participation in Biomass - Based Cogeneration in Africa  


Sustainable Energy and Community Participation in Biomass-based Cogeneration in Africa

Compiled by

Stephen Karekezi, John Kimani, Justus Mbithi, Jared Atiang and Oscar Onguru


 

Table of Contents  

 

 

Acknowledgements

List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

List of Tables

List of Figures                       

3

4

8

8

1.0

Background to the study                  

9

    1.1 Introduction to the study

9

    1.2 Rationale for the Study                        

11

2.0

Background to the Energy Sector in Kenya and Uganda

18

3.0

Cogeneration Development in Kenya and Uganda       

21

3.1 Status of Cogeneration in Kenya and Uganda

21

3.2 Links to Rural Areas

24

3.3 Justification for Cogeneration in Rural Areas

26

     3.3.1 Employment/Poverty Alleviation

  26

     3.3.2 Increased Opportunities for Small Scale Farmers

 27

     3.3.3 Macro Economic Benefits and Rural Electrification

  27

3.4 Key Stakeholders in the Cogeneration Industry in Kenya and Uganda 

  29

4.0

Involvement of Local Groups in Cogeneration

35

4.1 Suitable Models for Local Groups Participation 

   36

    4.1.2 Buying Shares in the Privatised and New Sugar Factories

   38

   

       4.1.3 Investing through Cogeneration IPPs

38

    4.1.4 Investing through Co-operatives

    38

         4.1.5 Co-investment

39

         4.1.6 Concession

39

         4.1.7 Build Own and Transfer (BOT) and Build Own Operate and Transfer (BOOT)

40

    4.2 Opportunities for Local Groups Involvement in Cogeneration

40

    4.3 Barriers and Limiting the Participation of Local Groups in Cogeneration

42

 

5.0

Policy and Regulatory Framework for Sustainable Local Community Participation in Cogeneration

45

 

6.0

Study Conclusions

51

  References

53


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