AFREPREN/FWD - Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Website
FEASIBILITY STUDY ON THE COMMERCIAL
Jacques Moulot and Sako Mohame
the AFREPREN/FWD UNESCO’s collaborating program aimed to promote capacity
building in manufacturing and maintenance of solar technologies in Africa, we
undertook this feasibility study of commercial manufacturing in Côte d’Ivoire
of Solar Water Heaters (SWH).
d’Ivoire is a well irrigated tropical country where electricity is mainly
produced from both hydraulic and thermal source. In 1997, raw production of
electricity was 2151 GWh from thermal sources, and 1879 GWh from hydraulic
(PV) production of electricity is very limited with an approximate total
installed power of 97 kWp. PV is used mainly for telecommunication applications.
The technology although feasible in the country, is very poorly
Côte d’Ivoire, water is heated using mainly 3 energy sources. 1) Biomass
(wood and charcoal), 2) electricity, and 3) gas (butane). Very few Solar Water
Heaters (SWH) are used. In 1995, customs statistics showed that money spent on
imported electric water heaters (EWH) is 18 times more than money spent on
imported solar water heater. No reliable statistics on installed SWH exist.
Based on the ministry of planning and development data, import of SWH nearly
doubled every year between 1993 and 1995
study endeavors to propose an innovated design of Thermosyphon Solar Water
Heaters using available local materials, and manufactured locally in order to
reduce cost, strengthen local technical capacity, accelerate dissemination and
insure appropriation of SWH technology as well as stimulate acceptance of other
solar technologies in Côte d’Ivoire.
analysis shows that a locally manufactured low cost SWH company can target at
25% to 30% of the housing market, which represents approximately 1500 to 1800
houses a year not including hotels and hospitals.
flow analysis reveals that an initial capital investment of $107,000 is needed,
but profit can be made within the first year of operation.
Legal and institutional requirements are relatively easy to fulfill, because of an advantageous policy towards development of small businesses in the country. The procedures and fees for establishing a small enterprise have been recently greatly simplified.
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