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ENERGY SERVICES FOR URBAN POOR
THEME GROUP MEETING PROCEEDINGS

By

AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat


Executive Summary

The Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group meeting was held on 20th - 22nd November, 1999.  The aim of the meeting was to review country research proposals received from members of the Theme Group from various Eastern and Southern Africa countries and to assess the relevance of the issues they intend to address to the region's energy sector.  To assist in reviewing the proposed research issues raised in the proposals, stakeholders from relevant  institutions in the region were invited.

Participants to the Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group meeting were drawn from six countries, namely: Botswana, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe, and comprised of a senior policy maker in Government (Director in a Department of Energy), four stakeholders (representatives from a micro-financing institution, a municipality, non-governmental organisation, and the central statistical office) and energy researchers (members of AFREPREN/FWD's Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group).

The meeting's main objectives included:

  • Presentation of refined country proposals and country data sets by members
  • Review of proposed priority research issues with the assistance of invited stakeholders from the region
  • Further refinement of country proposals in response to suggestions and recommendations of invited stakeholders
  • Drafting a workplan for the Theme Group

The objective of the Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group is to examine energy use and accessibility among the urban poor in Africa with special emphasis on energy use in micro-enterprises.  To achieve this, the group intends, in the short-term (1st year), to review household energy use including home-based micro-enterprises and will focus on the following:

Critical analysis of the problems faced by initiatives aimed at providing least cost energy sources to the urban poor by examining the characteristics of households based on:

  • Differentiation according to expenditure, income, consumer durables or household goods and economic activities
  • Distribution of expenditure between energy and non-energy needs / type of payment or affordability
  • Source and control of income (decision-making in the household)

Proposed Areas of Focus for Country Research Studies

The participants agreed to focus on two main areas:

  1. Review of urban energy policies and initiatives - Identify gaps in existing energy policy documents and propose recommendations for implementation of urban energy policies that enhance effective provision of energy services particularly home-based micro-enterprises.

  2. Assessment of home-based micro-enterprises - Undertake surveys to examine the energy intensities of various home-based micro-enterprises and identify energy options that would improve access to modern energy services.

The country proposals were refined in response to suggestions and recommendations raised by the invited stakeholders.  In response to recommendations of stakeholders, the AFREPREN/FWD principal researchers selected the following priority issues as focal research issues for their respective country studies:

Ethiopia:To examine the impacts of energy subsidies and preferential pricing on energy demand patterns of low income urban households and home-based micro-enterprises.

Uganda: To undertake case studies of households and home-based micro-enterprises in two localities to determine the types of energy used and current technologies employed.The social and cultural barriers to adoption of new technology will also be investigated.

Zimbabwe:To review and assess effectiveness of electrification initiatives targeted at the urban poor households in the provision of electricity. Examples of such initiatives include load limiters, compact distribution boards, prepayment meters and direct pricing subsidies.

Zambia:To identify barriers which have contributed to the failure of peri-urban electrification, a component of a national rural/peri-urban electrification programme. Issues to investigate will include subsidies targeted at the peri-urban areas and appropriateness of the programme design.

Tanzania: Review three energy initiatives aimed at the urban poor involving electricity, kerosene and charcoal stoves. Study will assess the delivery mechanism, programme design, technologies used and effectiveness of the intended subsidies.

The AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat: Compilation of a regional report based on the country study reports.   In addition, the Secretariat will prepare a regional annotated bibliography on the energy services to the urban poor / informal sector in Africa.


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ENERGY SERVICES FOR URBAN POOR

THEME GROUP MEETING PROCEEDINGS

 Compiled by

AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat

Executive Summary

The Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group meeting was held on 20th - 22nd November, 1999.  The aim of the meeting was to review country research proposals received from members of the Theme Group from various Eastern and Southern Africa countries and to assess the relevance of the issues they intend to address to the region's energy sector.  To assist in reviewing the proposed research issues raised in the proposals, stakeholders from relevant  institutions in the region were invited.

Participants to the Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group meeting were drawn from six countries, namely: Botswana, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe, and comprised of a senior policy maker in Government (Director in a Department of Energy), four stakeholders (representatives from a micro-financing institution, a municipality, non-governmental organisation, and the central statistical office) and energy researchers (members of AFREPREN/FWD's Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group).

The meeting's main objectives included:

  • Presentation of refined country proposals and country data sets by members

  • Review of  proposed priority research issues with the assistance of invited stakeholders from the region

  • Further refinement of country proposals in response to suggestions and recommendations of invited stakeholders

  • Drafting a workplan for the Theme Group.

             

The objective of the Energy Services for the Urban Poor Theme Group is to examine energy use and accessibility among the urban poor in Africa with special emphasis on energy use in micro-enterprises.  To achieve this, the group intends, in the short-term (1st year), to review household energy use including home-based micro-enterprises and will focus on the following:

Critical analysis of the problems faced by initiatives aimed at providing least cost energy sources to the urban poor by examining the characteristics of households based on:

  • Differentiation according to expenditure, income, consumer durables or household goods and economic activities

  • Distribution of expenditure between energy and non-energy needs / type of payment or affordability

  • Source and control of income (decision-making in the household)

Proposed Areas of Focus for Country Research Studies

The participants agreed to focus on two main areas:

  1. Review of urban energy policies and initiatives - Identify gaps in existing energy policy documents and propose recommendations for implementation of urban energy policies that enhance effective provision of energy services particularly home-based micro-enterprises.

  2. Assessment of home-based micro-enterprises - Undertake surveys to examine the energy intensities of various home-based micro-enterprises and identify energy options that would improve access to modern energy services.

The country proposals were refined in response to suggestions and recommendations raised by the invited stakeholders.  In response to recommendations of stakeholders, the AFREPREN/FWD principal researchers selected the following priority issues as focal research issues for their respective country studies:

Ethiopia:   To examine the impacts of energy subsidies and preferential pricing on energy demand patterns of low income urban households and home-based micro-enterprises.

Uganda: To undertake case studies of households and home-based micro-enterprises in two localities to determine the types of energy used and current technologies employed.  The social and cultural barriers to adoption of new technology will also be investigated.

Zimbabwe:   To review and assess effectiveness of electrification initiatives targeted at the urban poor households in the provision of electricity.  Examples of such initiatives include load limiters, compact distribution boards, prepayment meters and direct pricing subsidies.

Zambia: To identify barriers which have contributed to the failure of peri-urban electrification, a component of a national rural/peri-urban electrification programme. Issues to investigate will include subsidies targeted at the peri-urban areas and appropriateness of the programme design.  

Tanzania: Review three energy initiatives aimed at the urban poor involving electricity, kerosene and charcoal stoves.  Study will assess the delivery mechanism, programme design, technologies used and effectiveness of the intended subsidies.

The AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat: Compilation of a regional report based on the country study reports.   In addition, the Secretariat will prepare a regional annotated bibliography on the energy services to the urban poor / informal sector in Africa.  

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