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A Status Report for the Special Studies of Strategic Significance
Theme Group: Quarterly Report July-October, 1999, Volumel lI

By

S. KAREKEZI, L. MAJORO


Executive Summary

The African energy sector is facing rapid changes that originate from both internal and external developments. The pace of change also appears to be accelerating. Some of these changes present important opportunities for development and improvement of the African energy sector. Other changes increase risks that require pre-emptive response measures. 

An important and rapid development that has, for instance, outpaced the response capability of the African energy decision makers and research community relates to the ongoing international climate negotiations. Since the signing of the Rio Environment Agreement and Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992, the pace of change has been very rapid. African researchers and decision makers have become virtual spectators rather than active participants in debate on issues such as greenhouse trading, incremental costing and joint implementation (since then, known as activities implemented jointly and now clean development mechanism). The principal convention financing instruments, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has been transformed in a space of few years from a concept to a multi-billion dollars financing mechanism which is larger than many bilateral assistance programmes to the energy sector in Africa. A mechanism for effectively responding to these rapid changes is clearly needed by the African energy research and decision making community. This theme group on “Special Studies of Strategic Significance” is designed to assist in filling this important gap in the region. 

The Theme Group on “Special Studies of Strategic Significance” was established by AFREPREN/FWD to assist the Network as well as the wider African energy community to respond to these rapid changes that are not addressed by its three main Theme Groups, namely, “Renewables and Energy for Rural Development”; “Energy Services for the Urban Poor”; and, “Energy Sector Reforms”. 

Key issues to be addressed by the Special Studies of Strategic Significance include the following:

  • Emerging global patterns of energy investment and their implications for Africa.
  • New and emerging issues and trends (technological, financial and institutional innovations) that are likely to have important implications for Africa.
  • Adaptation, deployment and use of the modern biofuel technologies.
  • Substitution of oil and coal by environmentally-less damaging natural gas.
  • Environmental and socio-economic impact of large-scale energy developments (e.g. large scale dams, coal mines and oil pipelines).

This report provides the status of the Special Studies of Strategic Significance Theme Group.  The report provides brief CVs of researchers who have confirmed their interest in participating in this Theme Group.  The report also includes the Terms of Reference for proposed Special Studies to be undertaken in year 2000.  At the end of the report, a work plan for year 2000 is provided. 

In its first seating of August, 1999, the Steering Committee of the 1999-2002 AFREPREN/FWD Programme mandated the AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat to manage the Theme Group on Special Studies of Strategic Significance and proceed with the solicitation, review, selection and commissioning of Special Studies in line with the aforementioned key issues. 

To date, the AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat has received applications for participation in this Theme Group from 22 African researchers listed below.  In line with the recommendation of the AFREPREN/FWD Steering Committee, letters commissioning short studies in this Theme Group will be sent out to candidates whose CVs have been shortlisted and reviewed by the AFREPREN/FWD Secretariat. 

NAME

COUNTRY

INSTITUTION

STUDY TITLE

L. Khalema

T. Makume

Lesotho

Lesotho

Private Consultant

Lesotho Electricity Corporation

An Institutional Assessment of the Impact of the Lesotho Highland Water & Hydropower Development Project

T. Kihato

Kenya

IberAfrica Systems Ltd

Scoping Study on the Use of ATMs for Paying Electricity Bills & its Relevance to Efficient Management of African Utilities

T. Otiti

Uganda

Makerere University

The Use of Private Sector Firm for the Management of Parking in Kampala-A Model for Private Sector Participation in Improving Transport Energy Efficiency

K. Sefeane

Lesotho

Lesotho Highland Development Authority

An Environmental & Socio-economic Assessment of the Impact of the Lesotho Highland Water & Hydropower Development Project

R. Ranganai

Botswana

University of Botswana

Scoping Study on the Potential of Replacing Use of Coal with Natural Gas in Coal-Fired Power Plants of Southern Africa

K. Deepchand

Mauritius

Mauritius Sugar Authority

Study on the Development of Cogeneration in Mauritius & its Relevance to the African Region

A. Brew-Hammond

Ghana

University of Science and Technology, Kumasi

Ghana’s National Energy Administration - A Model for Institutional Innovation in the African Energy Sector

T. Madzonga

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (ZESA)

ZESA’s Experience with Performance Improvement Programme - A Case Example of Successful Internally Driven Reform in an African Power Utility

E. N’Guessan

Cote d’Ivoire

Energie Electrique de Cote d’Ivoire

Power Sector Reforms in Cote d’Ivoire - Lessons for Anglophone African Power Utilities

N. Mphasi

Malawi

Electricity Supply Commission of Malawi

Scoping Study on the Prospects for the Involvement of Power Utilities in the Telecommunications Industry

M. Tse

Ghana

Solar Light Co. Ltd

Comparative Study of the Use of Non-Motorised Transport in Togo and Ghana - A Case Example of Successful Use of Non-Motorised Transport (bicycles) in Togo

N. Mwihava

Tanzania

Ministry of Energy and Minerals

TAKAGAS Biogas Project in Tanzania - Lessons Learnt From the Collapse of A Turnkey Project

AFREPREN/FWD

Secretariat

Kenya

AFREPREN/FWD/FWD

The African Energy Sector - A Biannual Review

G.Turyahikayo

Uganda

Ministry of Energy & Minerals Dvlpmt

Subject of focus to be determined

P. Mamimine

Zimbabwe

Univ. of Zimbabwe

Subject of focus to be determined

C. Diarra

Mali

Min. of Environment

Subject of focus to be determined

H. Rukato

S.African

Minerals & Energy Policy Centre

Subject of focus to be determined

C. Mulenga

Zambia

Ministry of Energy & Water Development

Subject of focus to be determined

S. Bagabo

Uganda

Integrated Rural Development Initiative

Subject of focus to be determined

J. Ngeleja

Tanzania

National Environment Management Council

Subject of focus to be determined

P.Ngobese

S.Africa

Department of Trade & Industry

Subject of focus to be determined

K. Hamad

Zanzibar

Department of Energy & Mines

Subject of focus to be determined

The members’ analysis of this group is also provided in the following table: 

PARAMETER

CATEGORY

NUMBER

%

Discipline

Natural Sciences

Social Sciences

15

 7

68

32

Institutional Affiliation

Government/Utilities

University/IRC*

Private

11

  8

  3

50

36

14

Qualifications

PhD

MSc/MA

BSc/BA

Diploma

  4

15

  2

  1

18

68

 9

 5

Gender

Male

Female

18

 4

82

18


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