AFREPREN/FWD - Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Website
Status of Power Sub sector Reforms and Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Tanzania
Eng. Ngosi Mwihava and Eng. H.A. Mbise
generation in Tanzania is from hydro, petroleum, imports (from Zambia and
Uganda), coal, biomass, and to some extent, solar photovoltaic.
the on-going reforms (in the parastatal, civil service and financial sectors)
renewable energy technologies have to compete with other conventional forms of
energy. Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) is presently the sole
public utility responsible with electricity generation, transmission and
distribution. In the new electricity industry structure, TANESCO, which is
presently a vertically integrated utility, will be divided into separate
segments responsible for power generation, transmission and distribution. The
Government owns the utility and is the policy maker and the regulator of the
electricity industry at the moment until when the Regulator - Energy and Water
Utilities Regulatory Authority (EWURA) is operational.
energy sources in the country include both solar PV and solar thermal; wind,
hydro, biomass and geothermal. Renewable energy technologies, which have
registered some significant success include: solar PV and solar thermal; biogas;
improved bio-cookstoves; bio-waste for power generation (cogeneration); and,
wind turbines for mechanical power for mainly water pumping.
of renewable energy and energy conservation and efficiency has been slow due to
a number of barriers including:
paper gives a brief status of the Power Sub-sector Reforms in Tanzania. The
reforms have been linked with renewable energy development and energy
conservation and efficiency initiatives. Some comments have been provided on
power sub-sector reforms regarding energy conservation and efficiency,
cogeneration and solar water heating.
Highlights of key barriers to the promotion of renewable energy and energy efficiency have also been reviewed briefly. A few initiatives on regulatory issues, policy, technology/research and investment to promote the use of cogeneration and solar water heating have been proposed.
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