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Domestic Use versus Income Generating Activities in Delivering Modern Energy to Rural Botswana

By

Mr. Joseph E. Mbaiwa


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This article provides a descriptive analysis of the provision of modern energy in the rural areas using Botswana as a case study. The study emanates from a broader government objective of providing essential services such as energy to the rural population. The study reviews the current strategies used by the government to provide modern energy to rural areas, and assesses the efficiency and shortcomings of the strategies based on a review of previous studies on rural energy in Botswana.

 

Results indicate that previous government attempts aimed at providing modern energy to rural areas targeted household or domestic use without much consideration for income generating activities. This approach resulted in low dissemination of modern energy to rural areas. Available data shows that income-generating activities may accelerate the provision of modern energy to rural areas. Income generating activities can provide the rural population with the necessary income to purchase modern energy, as well as create demand for modern energy utilisation, making provision of energy in rural areas a viable option. The distribution of modern energy to rural areas has the potential to eradicate poverty and contribute to sustainable rural livelihoods, particularly if energy is used for income generating activities.


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1 align="center">REVIEW OF MATURE RENEWABLE ENERGY

TECHNOLOGIES IN

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

 BY

STEPHEN KAREKEZI