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A Review of Geothermal and Cogeneration Technologies in Ethiopia

By

Prof. Woldemariam Wolde Ghiorgis


Introduction

1.0 The Energy Sector and Status of Dissemination of RETS in Ethiopia                      

7

1.1 Introduction                              

7

1.2 Energy sector in Ethiopia 

8

2.0 Status of dissemination of renewable energy technologies in Ethiopia                  

12

3.0 Geothermal energy and cogeneration development in Ethiopia

14

4.0 Methodology                                 

15

4.1 Methodology and approach  

15

4.2 Sources for updated and current data   

15

5.0 Prospects for Geothermal Energy Development in Ethiopia    

17

5.1 Background: global development of geothermal energy    

17

5.2 Geothermal Energy in Ethiopia   

20

5.3 Challenges Encountered in the Utilization of the Pilot Geothermal Plant at Aluto Langano 

22

5.4 Future prospects of geothermal energy utilization for power conversion in Ethiopia   

30

6.0 Challenges Facing Dissemination of RETs In Ethiopia: Implications for Cogeneration Development     

41

6.1 Biomass Cogeneration - Fundamentals  

41

 7.0 Conclusions and Recommendations   

51

 8.0 References   

57

 9.0 Appendices  

63

 



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