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"Status and Prospects of Biomass-based Cogeneration and Geothermal Technologies in Tanzania"

By

Florence Gwangombe and Ngosi Mwihava


Table of Contents

1.0 Background on the Energy Sector in Tanzania                              

7

1.1 Status of energy sector                                                                 

7

1.2 Overview of electricity sector                                                           

8

1.3 Overview of petroleum, gas and coal                                               

10

1.4 Status of renewable energy technologies                                        

11

1.4.1 Wind energy                                                                                  

11

1.4.2 Solar energy                                                                                 

12

1.4.3 Biomass energy                                                                             

13

1.4.4 Micro/mini hydro                                                                           

13

2.0 Methodology

14

3.0 Bagasse Cogeneration in Tanzania - Status and Prospects            

16

3.1Sugar production in Tanzania                                                              

17

3.2 Cogeneration Options                                                                        

20

3.3 Status of Cogeneration                                                                      

22

3.3.1 Overall cogeneration potential                                                          

22

3.3.2 Potential for value added from excess bagasse                                  

23

3.4 Electricity generation potential in sugar mills in Tanzania                      

26

3.4.1 Energy scenario for Mtibwa Sugar Estate (MSE)                               

26

3.4.2 Factory capacity and energy planning                                               

26

3.4.3 Electrification potential in Tanzania’s sugar mills                              

27

3.4.4 Jobs and enterprises resulting from cogeneration                             

28

4.0 Geothermal Energy Potential in Tanzania                                      

40

4.1 Geothermal resources in Tanzania                                                     

40

4.1.1 Geothermal resources of the Arusha region (Northern Tanzania)        

43

4.1.2 Geothermal resources of Luhoi, Utete area (Coast Region)                

45

5.0 Key conclusions on geothermal                                                     

53

5.1 Advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy                           

54

6.0 References                                                                                      

58

7.0 Appendices                                                                                     

65



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