AFREPREN/FWD - Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Website

Home l Site Map l Contact Us l

Working Paper 349



Home

About Us

Focal Areas

Projects

Publications

Members

Energy News

Energy Events

Opportunities

Related Links

Picture Gallery

Contact Us

No. of Website Visitors:

Overview of the Energy Sector in Africa

By

Stephen Karekezi, John Kimani and Ayago Wambile


Overview

Africa's energy sector is broad and complex. A few sub-sectors were selected in this working paper to review the status and recent developments in the power, renewable energy and energy efficiency sub-sectors in the region.

The working paper is organized into 3 chapters.  Chapter 1 provides an overview and the status of the power sector in Africa.  Chapter 2 examines renewable energy technologies and their status in Africa. The chapter continues to discuss the potential benefits of renewable energy technologies in Africa. Chapter 3 describes the status of energy efficiency in Africa and the barriers faced in enhancing energy efficiency in the region. This chapter concludes by describing the efforts required in overcoming the barriers to energy efficiency. 


Table of Contents

Overview

5

Unit aims:

5

Unit learning outcomes

5

Introduction

6

Chapter 1    Power Sector

7

1.1 Definition and key players in the power sector

7

1.2 Status of the power sector in Africa

7

1.2.1 Characteristics of the African power sector

7

1.2.2 Institutional structure of the African power sector

9

1.2.3 Installed capacity, electricity Consumption and Generation in Africa

10

1.3 Performance of the power sector in Africa

12

1.3.1. Technical performance

12

1.3.2 Financial performance

15

Chapter 2  Renewable Energy

17

2.1 What is Renewable Energy?

17

2.2 Status of Renewable Energy Technologies in Africa

17

2.2.1 Small hydro power

17

2.2.2 Solar energy

18

2.2.3 Wind energy

19

2.2.4 Small-scale biomass energy

21

2.2.5 Large-scale biomass energy (cogeneration)

22

2.2.6 Geothermal energy

24

2.3 Potential Benefits of Renewables to the African Energy Sector

25

2.3.1 Balance of payments

25

2.3.2 Poverty alleviation, job and enterprise creation

26

2.3.3 Independent technology development

27

2.3.4 Environment

27

2.3.5 Power deficits

28

Chapter 3 Energy Efficiency

29

3.1 What is energy efficiency?

29

3.2 Status of Energy Efficiency in Africa

29

3.3 Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Africa

31

3.3.1 Policy/Regulatory Barriers

32

3.3.2 Investment and Financing Barriers

33

3.3.3 Research, Technological and Skills Barriers

34

3.4 Overcoming the Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Africa

35

3.4.1 Renewable energy policy programmes

35

3.4.2 Appropriate technology, technology transfer and building local capacity

36

3.4.3 Innovative Financing Mechanisms

37

4.0 Conclusions

39

References

43

Web site resources

45

Glossary / Definition of key concepts

47


Return to top

This paper is available on an exchange basis. If you find it to be useful, we encourage you to send us any relevant publications from your organization. To request for the full paper, please fill in the publications request form

View the listing of Other Working Papers

 

 

wordpress visitor counter