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Evaluating Biomass Energy Cogeneration Opportunities and Barriers in Africa The Case of Bagasse Cogeneration in the Sugar Industry

by

Stephen Karekezi, Waeni Kithyoma and Maryanne Kamoche


Table of Contents

1.0        BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION                             

4

1.1        Fundamentals of Cogeneration                                                                 

4

1.2        Cogeneration Equipment and Systems                                               

5

1.3        Biomass Cogeneration Feedstock                                              

9

2.0        POTENTIAL Energy PaperAND STATUS OF BIOMASS COGENERATION

10

2.1        Cogeneration Potential                                                                              

10

2.2        Status of Cogeneration                                                                      

11

3.0        KEY DRIVERS AND BARRIERS FOR BIOMASS COGENERATION DEVELOPMENT                                                                  

16

3.1       Key Drivers

16

           Reduction of Oil Imports           

16

           Energy Supply Security and Stability                                                         

16

           Rural Electrification                                                                      

17

3.2       Barriers                                                                   

18

           Sustainable Production of Feedstocks                                                 

18

           Technical Challenges                                 

18

           Financial challenges                      

18

           Policy and Institutional Challenges                             

19

4.0       POLICY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR COGENERATION               

20

4.1       POLICIES OUTSIDE AFRICA                             

20

4.2       POLICIES IN AFRICA                            

20

5.0       FINANCING FOR COGENERATION                                  

21

6.0       TECHNICAL CAPACITY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENT ISSUES RELATING TO COGENERATION                                              

28

7.0.      RECOMMENDATIONS      

31

8.0       REFERENCES              

33

9.0       APPENDICES                                                

37


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