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Scaling up Bio - energy in Africa

by

Stephen Karekezi, Waeni Kithyoma and Kennedy Muzee


Table of Contents

1.0 INTRODUCTION
                         

10

2.0 BACKGROUND

11

2.1 Why is biomass energy important?

11

2.2 Why simultaneously address traditional, improved and modern use of biomass energy?

13

2.3 Global scenarios on biomass energy use

2.4 Case for differentiated regional and/or sub-regional assessment of       biomass energy issue

14

15

3.0 TRADITIONAL, IMPROVED AND MODERN BIOMASS TECHNOLOGIES IN AFRICA

17

3.1 Traditional Biomass Energy Technologies             

17

3.2 Improved and Modern Biomass Energy in Africa           

23

3.2.1 Improved cookstoves for households and institutions              

23

3.3 Modern Biomass Technologies

28

4.0 LESSONS LEARNED AND CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FROM NOTABLE CASE STUDIES

4.1 Policy and Regulatory issues.             

4.2 Industry and technologies.             

4.3 Financing and Investment             

4.4 Capacity and R & D             

40

40

40

40

41

5.0 POLICY INTERVENTIONS FOR INCREASING EFFICIENT USE OF BIOMASS

5.1 Traditional Biomass Energy             

5.2 Improved Biomass Technologies (IBTs)             

5.3 Modern Biomass             

5.4 Framework for scaling up bioenergy             

43

43

43

44

45

6.0 REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

46

List of tables 

 

Table 1: Biomass as a percentage to total primary energy supply

11

Table 2: People relying on Biomass resources as their primary fuel for cooking, 2004

12

Table 3: Projected Final Biomass Consumption in Relation to Total Energy Use, 2000 and 2020

14

Table 4: World Biomass Energy Potential – IIASA-WEC (Mtoe)

15

Table 5: Total Final Energy Supply Including Biomass Energy in Africa

17

Table 6: Land Area, Forest Area, Fuel-wood production and Charcoal production

18

Table 7: Summary of key economic indicators on the charcoal industry in Kenya

21

Table 8: Savings from Improved Stoves in Africa

23

Table 9: Dissemination of improved biomass cookstoves

Table 10: Comparison of Job Creation – Biomass and Conventional Energy               Forms

Table11: Bagasse: estimated potential availability 2005 (thousand tonnes)

Table 12: Cogeneration (Bagasse) Potential for Eastern and Southern Africa

Table 13: Africa Ethanol Production by Country, 2005 (Millions of gallons, all grades)

Table 14: Ethanol Potential from Cane in Selected African Countries

Table 15: Technical Potential of Biogas Digesters in Africa

 

25

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34

36

List of Figures

 

Figure 1 : The link between poverty and Traditional Energy use

12

igure 2 : Biomass consumption as a percentage of total final energy consumption for selected African countries

16

Figure 3 : Comparison of Total Disease Burden and Disease Burden arising from indoor and urban air pollution

18

Figure 4 : Fuel-wood consumption – Projection to 2030

20

Figure 5 : Charcoal Consumption -Projections to 2030

21

Figure 6: Use of Improved household cookstoves in 2 major urban cities in Kenya - 2005

 

24

List of Annexes

 

Annex 1: ProBEC (Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation)

12


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