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Renewables in Africa Energy Experts’ Concept Paper

By

Stephen Karekezi, John Kimani and Ayago Wambile


TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Tables ...............................................................................................9
List of Figures.............................................................................................. 9
1.0 ENERGY SECTOR IN AFRICA – BRIEF BACKGROUND REVIEW..............................10
2.0 POTENTIAL OF RENEWABLE ENERGY USE IN AFRICA ......................................11
2.1 Bioenergy......................................................................11
2.1.1 Biofuels......................................................................12
2.2 Hydropower...................................................................13
2.3 Solar............................................................................14
2.4 Geothermal....................................................................15
2.5 Wind............................................................................15
3.0 WHAT WORKS IN AFRICA: EXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS OF RENEWABLES .................................................................................................................16
4.0 MAIN BARRIERS TO EXPANDED USE OF RENEWABLES IN AFRICA.........................18
4.1 Policy Barriers..........................................................................................18
4.2 Financial Barriers......................................................................................19
4.3 Human Resource and Capacity Building Barriers...............................................19
5.0 CONCLUDING COMMENT.............................................................................19
6.0 REFERENCES............................................................................................20


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