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  • Rwanda: Lake Kivu Methane Gas Project Gets U.S.$100 Million Boost
  • Kenya: Ministry of energy and petroleum launches solar project to serve arid and semi-arid regions
  • Ethiopia: Corbetti to Generate Power Next Month
  • Kenya: Power line from Turkana wind power to be done by May 2018
  • South Africa: SA power system can withstand added RE capacity, says flexibility report
  • Kenya to spend Sh2bn on cooking gas cylinder plan
  • Ethiopia: EPU to Finalize Power Supply Upgrading This Year
  • Kenya:Forum to Help Kenya Tap Geothermal Energy Staged at JKUAT
  • Rwanda: Nyabarongo Hydro Power Station Will Give Rwanda a Competitive Edge
  • Renewables to account for 85% of global electricity needs
  • Africa: Women Play Key Role in Solar Energy Projects
  • Ethiopia prepares for construction of $51m ethanol plant
  • Kenya: Geothermal Places Kenya Into Future
  • Liberia: energy solution to light up Totota rural community
  • Rwanda: Kigali to Enjoy Uninterrupted Electricity Supply - REG Chief
  • Kenya: Feature-Solar Roof Tiles Offer Tech Boost for Kenya's Rural Classrooms
  • Kenya: The AfDB looks to fund Lamu coal project
  • Egypt:Egypt tenders for construction of solar park
  • Power Africa: Annual report highlights project developments
  • West Africa:Ghana awaits arrival of 450MW Karpowership
  • DRC: Hybrid Solar Power gen for Telecoms Network
  • Uganda: Ugandan women-led renewable energy enterprises fly flag high
  • Togo:Togo’s rural electrification programme obtains funding
  • Tanzania: Gov unveils plans to erect 400kV transmission lines
  • Rwanda: Home solar products enabling Rwanda’s off-grid plan
  • Nigeria: Dangote Promises to Power Outage in Kano
  • Lesotho: AfDB approves funding for Lesotho solar PV project
  • Kenya future lies in Green energy


  • Rwanda: Lake Kivu Methane Gas Project Gets U.S.$100 Million Boost

    Two companies; Symbion Energy and Highland Group Holdings Ltd. (HGHL) on Thursday signed an agreement that will see the latter co-invest $100 million towards the extraction of methane gas from Lake Kivu. According to a statement, the agreement will raise the $370m capital required to extract gas that will generate up to 106 megawatts of electricity from the lake. This deal, according to the statement, was signed between Symbion Energy CEO Paul Hinks and Lord Irvine Laidlaw, the Chairman at HGHL. Lake Kivu contains an estimated 55 billion cubic meters of naturally occurring methane gas. The total power generation potential of the resource has been conservatively estimated at more than 500 MW over a 40-year period.Only 25 Megawatts is produced today. Speaking at the signing ceremony in New York City Hinks said; "We are very excited about our new partnership with HGHL, they are injecting $100 million of cash equity into the Rwanda projects of Symbion Energy. "The work will begin in earnest in November 2017 and this funding means we can fast track at least 22MW of power within 18 months


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    Kenya: Ministry of energy and petroleum launches solar project to serve arid and semi-arid regions

    The Ministry of Energy and Petroleum with the support from the World Bank has launched a 150 million dollar solar project that will enable majority of the residents in the arid and semi-arid regions in the country have access to electricity. The five year Kenya Off-grid Solar Access Project (KOSAP) is designed to scale-up electrification in households, market centres, schools, community facilities and enterprises in the furthest corners of Kenya which lack grid networks. Energy Principal Secretary Eng. Joseph Njoroge said the project will benefit 14 Counties which include Turkana, Marsabit, Samburu, Isiolo, Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, Tana River,Lamu, Kilifi, Kwale, Taita Taveta and Narok.“This project is expected to contribute towards Kenya’s Vision 2030 which aims to transform the country into a newly industrializing and provide a high quality of life to all its citizens,” said Eng. Njoroge while he launched the project at a Nairobi hotel.


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    Ethiopia: Corbetti to Generate Power Next Month

    The first phase of Corbetti Geothermal project is to start generating 20MW of electricity next month. The Geothermal project is located in Corbetti town of the Oromia Regional State. Having a total electric generating capacity of 500MW, the project is estimated to cost around four billion dollars. The equity financing of the project is funded by Reykjavik Geothermal, an Iceland based company that mainly works on energy development projects. The company had signed a framework agreement with Ethiopian Electric Power (EEP) in October 2013. The agreement was facilitated by Power Africa Initiative, an initiative which works on increasing the power generation of the continent through Independent Power Producers. The initiative is also currently supervising a bidding process held by the EEP for a Methara Solar project, currently at the financial evaluation phase and is expected to be concluded by mid-October.Ethiopia Wrapping Up the Last Decade of Development. We have now embarked on the last year of the first Ethiopian decade into the third millennium.


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    Kenya: Power line from Turkana wind power to be done by May 2018

    Construction of power transmission line at Lake Turkana wind power project is expected to end in May 2018, permanent secretary in the Ministry of Energy Joseph Njoroge has said. This comes at a time when developers of the project had announced a monthly billing to Kenya Power and Lighting Company for failing to distribute the generated power from the plant. We have sat down and agreed with all stakeholders that the line will be through by around May next year, where the government will not have to spend the estimated Sh1 billion on billing,” Njoroge said. However, he confirmed that the developers had already billed the government. Currently, there is no production of power going on at the plant, and its transmission will start in May next year. On completion, the 438 kilometres transmission line will be connected to the 365 wind turbines, each with a capacity of 850 kilowatts of energy, and a high voltage substation. The wind farm, which is located in Loiyangalani, Marsabit County, is the largest in Africa with a capacity to provide 310 megawatts. According to the power purchase agreement, the energy, once produced, will be bought at a fixed price by Kenya Power over a 20-year period.


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    South Africa: SA power system can withstand added RE capacity, says flexibility report

    The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) under the DoE’s South African – German Energy Programme (SAGEN), has published a report that identifies the South African power system to be “sufficiently flexible” to cope with added wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) generation. “The study presented in this report confirm that the South African power system will be sufficiently flexible to handle very large amounts of wind and PV generation. “To cope with increased flexibility requirements resulting from the installation of 4,2GW of wind generation and up to 12,8GW of PV by 2020, and 11GW of wind and 27,5GW of PV by 2030, flexibility requirements can be handled by existing and planned power plants at moderate additional costs.,” the report stated. The study was performed by international engineering consultants Dr.-Ing. Markus Pöller and Marko Obert, of Moeller & Poeller Engineering GmbH (MPE), for the South African DoE and power utility Eskom.


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    Kenya to spend Sh2bn on cooking gas cylinder plan


    Kenya will spend Sh2.2 billion on acquiring 720,000 cooking gas cylinders and several refill plant machinery through a State-owned fuels dealer as it rolls out a programme to entrench use of the commodity among low income households. The State Department of Petroleum Principal Secretary Engineer Andrew Kamau said the move would help the government avail affordable cooking gas to low and middle income Kenyans who mainly rely on kerosene for cooking. “This is the second tranche to be procured for the National Oil Corporation of Kenya (NOCK) where we first bought 400,000 cooking gas cylinders. We plan to phase out Kerosene but want to avail an alternative for Kenyans to use once the programme is implemented,” he said. In a paid up advertisement, the ministry invited bids for supply of 720,000 empty cooking gas cylinders weighing 6 kilogrammes in four lots open to all businesses with a separate bid made for supply of 720,000 burners in five lots that has been reserved for youth, women and people with disability. A third bid comprising of five lots has also been advertised for supply of 720,000 metal grills for the cooking gas cylinders, with this tender reserved for youth, women and people with disability. In mid-2016, NOCK announced launch of Project Mwananchi campaign where it disclosed plans to introduce 4.3 million cooking gas cylinders into Kenyan households in the next three years.


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    Ethiopia: EPU to Finalize Power Supply Upgrading This Year


    Ethiopian Power Utility (EPU) said the multimillion dollar power distribution capacity building, updating and upgrading project it has been undertaking to reduce duration and frequency of power outage will be completed this budget year. While demand for electricity has been on the rise in the country, frequent power outage has for long been a major concern of and source of frustration for citizens and small and mega businesses alike. In Addis, the frequent power outage forced businesses to utilize power generators so that they go about their daily businesses smoothly. However, nation has been massively engaged in expanding power production. For instance, the construction of Gilgel Gibe III Dam with a power output of about 1870 Megawatt (MW) was completed last year, thus more than doubling total installed capacity, according to the Ethiopian Electric power. Gebregezabiher Taffere is Communication Directorate Director at the Ethiopian Power Utility, a company engaged in the business of distributing and selling electrical energy. He told The Ethiopian Herald that the major reason for the repeated power outage has been the low capacity of aged electric lines, transformers and poles. Hence, EPU is undertaking a rehabilitation project to repair and update electric power supply lines using fund from international partners.


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    Kenya: Forum to Help Kenya Tap Geothermal Energy Staged at JKUAT


    Kenya could foster its bid to be a top investment destination in Africa by investing in the renewable energy. Currently accounting for the country’s one third of the installed energy capacity, the renewables, mainly geothermal and wind, have enabled the country to stabilize its power supply in the wake of biting drought in the recent months. KenGen CEO, Rebecca Miano said the diversification into renewables had seen Kenya emerge as the top producer of geothermal energy in Africa and seventh in the world. The CEO, through a speech delivered by KenGen’s Assistant Manager in Charge of Resource Management, Cyrus Karingithi, said geothermal energy had a number of advantages including stability against weather variations and high yielding value. The address was delivered at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Wednesday, during the opening of an international forum for geothermal technology.


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    Rwanda: Nyabarongo Hydro Power Station Will Give Rwanda a Competitive Edge


    The completion of the construction of Nyabarongo hydropower project in the western part of Rwanda is one such landmark that promises to provide the residents with reliable power. The project is the largest hydropower installation in Rwanda, to date contributing more than 28MW of electricity to the national grid. The development of a modernised energy system for developing countries especially has been a significant challenge to energy utilities. Therefore the completion of such a mega project in Rwanda should give African economies hope and reassurance on why it is important to invest in the energy industry. It is clear that the progressive use of diesel generators in rural areas as a main source of electrification is continuously becoming unsuitable and very expensive; therefore taking on Rwanda's example of investing in clean energy is yet another lesson for many African economies. The Nyabaroingo project is a manifestation of how Rwanda takes the energy sector as an important pillar towards economic development.


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    Renewables to account for 85% of global electricity needs


    By 2050, 85% of global electricity needs and 44% of total energy needs will be met by renewables, according to the Energy Transition Outlook 2017 report. On Monday, Dutch quality assurance and risk management company DVL GL published the report, which only took into account solar photovoltaic (PV), onshore and offshore wind and hydropower plants. Citing the report, Climate Action noted that final energy demand is expected to be 430 exajoules in 2050, compared to 400 exajoules in 2015 with a minor increase to occur before 2030, when demand will start flattening. “The slowing down of the demand growth is expected due to decelerating population and productivity growth, energy efficiency measures, and due to increased electrification especially in the heating and transport sectors.“Thus, electricity consumption is projected to increase by 140% becoming the largest energy carrier,” Climate Action cited.


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    Africa: Women Play Key Role in Solar Energy Projects


    Abu Dhabi — Since weather affects everyone, the idea that women are more susceptible to the effects of climate change may strike some as puzzling. However, according to a United Nations report, State of the World Population, women--particularly those in poor countries--will be affected differently than men. An Environmental Justice Foundation report revealed that by 2050 the number of people fleeing the impacts of climate change could reach 150 million. And, according to the Women's Environmental Network, 80 per cent of these climate refugees will be women and children.This is primarily because women make up the majority of the world's poor, tend to have lower incomes, and are more likely to be economically dependent than men - all of which greatly limits their ability to cope with difficult climate conditions.n addition, while extreme weather and disappearing water resources affect entire communities, women in rural areas represent 45-80 per cent of the agricultural workforce and are more likely to feel the brunt. 


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    Ethiopia prepares for construction of $51m ethanol plant


    In East Africa, Ethiopia is preparing for Phase 1 construction of a $51 million ethanol plant, to commence in October.Together with Germany’s Eugen Schmitt Company, Ethiopia’s sugar Corporation will construct the ethanol plant at the Wonji Shoa Sugar Factory. communications director of the Sugar Corporation. Construction Review reported that Eugen Schmitt Company from Germany will have 83% of the share, while the Ethiopian government and the three other shareholders will take the remaining 14% and 3% shares, respectively.According to media, when the plant is in full operation, it will have the capacity of producing 60,000lt of ethanol per day using molasses. Molasses is a by-product of sugar, which the Wonji Shoa Sugar Factory discharges during its production processes. Finchaa and Metehara are the two sugar factories in Ethiopia that are currently producing ethanol from molasses, Construction Review Online reported.


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    Kenya: Geothermal Places Kenya Into Future


    During 'Kenya Week' at the 2017 Astana Expo, the country sought to showcase its merchandise and pedigree in renewable energy, especially geothermal. The international exposition, themed "Future Energy", which has been running since June 10 and is set to end on September 10 in Astana, Kazakhstan, has attracted a diversity of chartbuster innovations on energy that seeks efficiency and friendliness to the environment. A peek into the technologies shows the world is seriously preparing for a post-oil reality. ndeed, energy, as we know it, is changing rapidly. The hitherto lucrative but destructive biofuels are under siege from cleaner sources. This makes energy a hot topic in the international realm. It literally drives economies and political power. But never has the concept of energy been as charged, divisive and explosive as it is in today's global geopolitical dispensation, especially after the COP21 Paris Agreement.


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    Liberia: energy solution to light up Totota rural community

    In West Africa, Totota, a rural community located east of the capital, Monrovia, is the beneficiary of the planned 70kW energy solution. Bandera Electric Cooperative was selected by NRECA International to design and procure a solar and energy storage solution for Totota. The NRECA International is a global leader in the design and implementation of rural electrification programmes. Currently it is implementing several 'Beyond The Grid projects' in rural Liberia on behalf of the US Agency for International Development. According to a media statement, the power company has been tasked to implement a stand-alone 70kW energy solution that will provide power to about 400 houses and businesses in the selected community.The company explained that on completion, the power system will be owned by a local electric cooperative. This energy solution includes 220 solar panels, a lithium-ion battery storage solution capable of providing 90kWh of energy, along with a back-up diesel generator.

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    Rwanda: Kigali to Enjoy Uninterrupted Electricity Supply - REG Chief

    Electricity supply woes could soon be a thing of the past for residents and businesses in the City of Kigali within the next two years. According to new ambitious targets set by the Rwanda Energy Group (REG), productive users like community production centres will also be able to enjoy uninterrupted power supply beginning in five years. These targets are part of the commitments in the recently-signed performance contracts by REG and its subsidiary companies. The performance contracts state the targets and strategies to reach government energy targets by the end of 2018. The government targets at least 563MW installed power generation capacity by the end of next year. Eng Ron Weiss, the REG chief executive, said the power utility targets to connect all Rwandan households by 2024."We have set our targets, but we will have to stretch them in the future," he noted.


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    Kenya: Feature-Solar Roof Tiles Offer Tech Boost for Kenya's Rural Classrooms

    Murang'a — New way to provide clean, reliable power in places with patchy grid access helps school children get ahead. Mid-morning at Gaitheri Secondary School in central Kenya's Murang'a County, and students are busy with their daily routine, as at any other school. But their establishment is different - boasting a better power supply than most rural classrooms. One of its iron-sheet roofs is covered in tiles fitted with energy-producing solar cells - an innovative solar-power technology known as "building-integrated photovoltaics" (BIPV). The tiles, designed to be laid on roofs during construction, offer an alternative to adding solar panels on top to produce power from the sun's energy. Solar tiles are starting to be rolled out in other countries too. Electric car maker Tesla Inc is taking orders for its tiles in Britain and the United States, where the first such roofs have recently been installed. Tesla has said the product will be pricier than a conventional roof but will look better and ultimately pay for itself through lower electricity costs.


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    Kenya: The AfDB looks to fund Lamu coal project

    The African Development Bank (AfDB) is considering to fund the construction of Kenya’s first coal-fired power plant.Speaking to Xinhua in Nairobi on Monday, AfDB Director-General of the East Africa Regional office, Gabriel Negatu, said the multilateral development finance institution is awaiting the environmental and social audits before they can release the funds."The owners of the 1,000MW Lamu coal plant have approached the AfDB for funding amounting to $100 million as well as guarantees of a similar amount for the construction of the power plant," Negatu stated.Negatu noted that the bank is funding the coal power plant because it is a low-cost energy source."In addition, the power plant will use the latest technology to ensure that its impact on the environment is minimal," he said.


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    North Africa: Egypt tenders for construction of solar park

    In North Africa, Egypt has reportedly issued a tender for the construction of a 250MW solar park in the Gulf of Suez, the Amwal Al Ghad magazine said Monday. Renewables now reported that the tender has already seen interest from six companies, whose proposals will be assessed by the New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA), according to the governmental authority’s head Mohamed El-Khayat. Egypt and the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy have set a 20% renewable power target by 2022, media reported. Highlighting a recent report by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF), clean energy investment in the country peaked at $805 million in the second quarter of 2017 from almost nothing last year.


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    Power Africa: Annual report highlights project developments

    The 2017 Power Africa Annual Report, with a special feature on Women in African Power, takes stock of the initiative’s achievements.The analysis highlights how Power Africa continues to lay the foundation for sustainable economic growth in Africa as it makes progress towards its goals of increasing installed generation capacity by 30,000MW and adding 60 million new electricity connections by 2030. According to the report, since inception the project has closed more than 80 transactions and more than $14.5 billion in funding. To date, the US government has disbursed approximately $500 million, and made more than $2.6 billion financial commitments towards Power Africa’s goals, the report noted.In other Egyptian solar developments, finance for the construction and operation of two 50MW solar photovoltaic (PV) has been secured. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and Proparco have each contributed $58 million, the North Africa Post reported earlier this month.


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    West Africa:Ghana awaits arrival of 450MW Karpowership

    In West Africa, Ghana is anticipating the arrival and connection of the 450MW Karpowership, which is expected to improve the current power supply situation, according to the African Centre for Energy policy (ACEP).Citi Business News reported that this vessel will replace the previous one, which had a lower generating capacity of 225MW at Tema.According to media resources, the gas-to-power vessel has entered Ghana’s territorial waters and is closer to feeding power into the national grid thorugh a 10-year supply agreement.Citi Business News reported that the government of Ghana through the Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) signed an agreement with Karpowership Ghana Company Limited for the provision of the 450MW capacity to augment the power supply.Executive director of ACEP, Benjamin Boakye, explained: “The 250MW was a short term measure to ensure that while we were awaiting the 450MW, we still had something to rely on.


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    DRC: Hybrid Solar Power gen for Telecoms Network

    Independent renewable power producer, GreenWish Partners, has announced a collaboration that will enable it to supply clean power for Orange’s network of telecommunication towers in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).Through the alliance, the renewables company and its operational partner Sagemcom, will deploy hybrid solar power generation systems that combine solar, battery and diesel fuel to boost energy efficiency.GreenWish explained in a statement that the first lot of 250 telecom towers will spread throughout the DRC, representing the launch of a new model of electricity supply for Orange in the country.According to the company, this model, entitled ESCO (Energy Services Company) has already been launched in India and the US.It consists in outsourcing the investment, installation, modernisation and operational management of electricity generation infrastructure in order to optimise electricity consumption, reliability, environmental impact and the energy costs of the telecom operators.


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    Ugandan women-led renewable energy enterprises fly flag high

    The US African Development Foundation (USADF), in collaboration with partners, Power Africa and GE have crowned two Ugandan women-led renewable energy enterprises. Joint Energy and Environments Projects (JEEP) and Conservation and Development Uganda Limited (CODE), are the winners of the 2017 Women in Energy Challenge and will each receive a grant of $100,000 to expand their renewable energy enterprises.


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    Togo:Togo’s rural electrification programme obtains funding

    The African Sustainable Energy Fund (SEFA), hosted by the African Development Bank (AfDB), has approved a $975,000 grant for Togo to start project CIZO, devoted to rural off-grid electrification by domestic solar kits in PAYGO mode.The first phase of the rural electrification programme, CIZO, which means "enlightening" in mina, one of the main languages ​​of Togo, aims to create conducive conditions to attract the private sector. This includes the decentralised energy service operators.The first phase of the rural electrification programme, CIZO, which means "enlightening" in mina, one of the main languages ​​of Togo, aims to create conducive conditions to attract the private sector. This includes the decentralised energy service operators.


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    Tanzania: Government unveils plans to erect 400kV transmission lines

    The Tanzanian government is set to embark on an ambitious project whereby three regions will be connected to 400kV transmission lines from the Mbeya region.Under the project, four towns of Sumbawanga in Rukwa region, Mpanda in Katavi region, Kigoma and Nyakanazi in Kagera will be connected to the power lines, Tanzania Daily news reported.According to the deputy minister for energy and minerals, Dr Medard Kalemani, the project to commence in Q4 2017 is expected to be accomplished in July 2019."Rukwa region gets its supply of electricity from fuel and a little supply of power from neighbouring Zambia, which is not reliable ... But once the 400kV project is accomplished, power interruption in the region will be history," he said.


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    Rwanda: Home solar products enabling Rwanda’s off-grid plan

    Rwandan-based energy company, Ignite Power, is confident to have been able to change the energy paradigm in Africa as it is offering a price plan for home solar products.Ignite's chief executive, Yariv Cohen, said: "We [have] completed phase 2 of 'Ignite Rwanda' project. With a network of 1,600 installers, operational efficiencies and economies of scale, we can make home solar more affordable than ever before."The launch marks the commencement of phase 3, on track to achieve our goal of 100% Clean Access."In recent years, the price of solar has been dropping. Solar home systems in Africa, however, have not followed suit, mainly because international companies found it difficult to reach scale and secure local financing, the company said.


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    Nigeria: Dangote Promises to Power Outage in Kano

    Dangote Group has signed a Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with the Kano State Government for the proposed 100MW Dangote-Black Rhino Solar Power Plant.The formal agreement for the project, which is to be sited at Zakirai, in Gabasawa Local Government Area of the state, took place thursday, at the office of Secretary to the State Government (SSG), Alhaji Usman Alhaji, in Kano.Dangote said the MoU was another milestone in the evolving partnership between Dangote Group and the state government in their determination to bring about the much needed improvement in the economy of the country.He described the situation of decadence in the power sector, which resulted in decline of the status of Kano, a once vibrant industrial and commercial city in the past three decades as sad.


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    Lesotho: AfDB approves funding for Lesotho solar PV project

    In Southern Africa, NEO I SPV, a subsidiary of OnePower Lesotho has secured a $695,500 grant to facilitate preparations of a bankable business case for the development of the Lesotho 20MW solar photovoltaic (PV) plant.Once developed, the PV plant is said to be the country’s first utility-scale solar PV project.The funds have been approved by the Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa (SEFA), a fund managed by the African Development Bank (AfDB).Ousseynou Nakoulima, AfDB's director for renewable energy and energy efficiency, commented: “The Bank will support the structuring of the project and lead it to bankability. Our ambition is to turn it into a reference solar PV project for the SADC Region.”The AfDB explained that SEFA supports the sustainable energy agenda in Africa through grants to facilitate the preparation of medium-scale renewable energy generation and energy efficiency projects; equity investments to bridge the financing gap for small- and medium-scale renewable energy generation projects; and support to the public sector to improve the enabling environment for private investments in sustainable energy.


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    Kenya future lies in Green energy

    TKenya has taken several steps towards a green economy and developed a strategy to consolidate, scale up and embed green energy growth initiatives in national development goals.The Green Economy Strategy and Implementation Plan provides the overall policy framework to facilitate a transition to a green economy and outlines the need to mainstream and align green-economy initiatives across the economic, social and environmental spheres.In addition, Kenya has taken a significant step in developing a National Climate Change Response Strategy and Action Plan in the recognition that climate change is a threat to national development.This strategy has presented evidence on climate change and associated impacts and proposes a concerted programme of activities and actions to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, combat such impacts and provides an enabling implementation framework.


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    Kenya: Social investors inject Sh180m into off-grid power

    Kenya has raised Sh180 million from social impact investors to expand off-grid connections for rural populations over the past year.A report on crowd-funding for energy access by not-for-profit organisation Energy4Impact Africa showed private companies implementing low-cost alternative renewable energy projects in Kenya, conducted 2,000 campaigns on the Kiva crowd funding platform.The report says participating off-grid companies raised funds to buy solar equipment directly from manufacturers which, they brought to Kenya and sold at subsidised prices on a pay-as-you-go model.“Debt crowd-funding is the most promising and sustained growth of all energy access related crowd-funding activity.“Compared to 2015 that realised Sh340 million on zero-interest microloans, interest-bearing working capital loans grew significantly in 2016 accounting for almost half of all energy access related debt,” it says.


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