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Arusha — The East African Community (EAC) has adopted its Energy Security Policy Framework which seeks to ensure the security of the region's biomass, electricity, and oil and gas supplies. According to Mr Elsam Byempaka Turyahabwe, the energy expert at the Community Secretariat, partner states are implementing number related projects to address the low access to modern energy services in the region. However, energy security is a major challenge in the EAC and globally. "This EAC Energy Security Framework aims to provide regional guidance to partner states in the management and mitigation of the challenge," said Mr Turyahabwe, according to yesterday's dispatch to the newsrooms. He added: "We also anticipate that greater effort will be made at pursuing regional solutions to parts of the security of supply challenges in the biomass, electricity and oil and gas sub-sectors". Mr Yohannes Hailu, Energy Economist at UN Economic Commission for Africa, confirmed that this framework would address pertinent energy security issues still prevailing in the EAC region, if implemented by all the Partner States. "Deforestation, rising wood and charcoal prices, devoting large share of our national budget towards the importation of oil and gas, electricity affordability and reliability, among others, are all signals that we needed to look at energy security and come up with a framework that enables us to address and prevent the security challenges," said Hailu.
S.Sudan ramps up power transmission system
Kenyatta University (KU) has switched on the first phase of a Sh1.7 billion solar plant that will see the institution generate its own electricity and offload excess power onto the national grid. The 100 kilowatt(KW) solar plant, located at KU’s main campus off Thika Road, cost an estimated Sh17 million. It is projected that the entire 10-megawatt project will cost Sh1.7 billion.The extra power produced in phase two will be connected to the national grid, helping to generate extra revenue for the institution. Phase one of the plant was developed by France-based solar panels manufacturer Urbasolar through funding from the French government. It occupies about three acres. KU did not, however, provide figures on the amount the university expects to save from generating its own electricity. Speaking after commissioning the plant, Energy and Petroleum secretary Charles Keter said the country had received substantial funding from the French government that shall go towards achieving universal electrification by 2020. “We have total commitments amounting to Sh50.16 billion for financing the last mile connectivity project and Sh150 billion in commitment for electrifying off-grid areas. With support of development partners, we will achieve our objective of universal electrification by 2020,” said Mr Keter.
Acting Commissioner for Energy and Petroleum Affairs, Engineer Innocent Luoga (Standing) NEARLY 70 per cent of Tanzanians are now said to have access to grid electricity, an increase of some 30 per cent within two-years. This means at least 35 million Tanzanians have access to main grid electricity across the country, with the figure set to rapidly increase with ongoing rural electrification programmes - billed the highest electricity penetration in East Africa. The Acting Commissioner for Energy and Petroleum Affairs, Engineer Innocent Luoga revealed here that people's access to electricity jumped from 40 per cent in 2015 to slightly above 67.5 per cent in 2017 -- and climbing -- whereas grid power penetration ranges from 97.3 per cent in urban areas and 49.5 per cent in rural areas. Tanzania is currently home to an estimated 50 million people, the largest of the six countries making up the East African Community. Commissioner Luoga was addressing the 'International Conference on Water Infrastructure and Sustainable Energy Future in a Changing Environment,' WISE-Future for short, against the backdrop of ongoing concerns over effects of global warming and climate change.
The Uganda National Oil Company Ltd has voted to increase its shares in the upstream oil and gas business by five per cent, in addition to investing in downstream and midstream activities. Upstream activities involve exploration to oil production; midstream activities involve commercialisation of oil and gas, including processing and evacuation to the markets, refinery and pipeline, while downstream activities involve storage of the final products. "Our analysis of the oil and gas projects shows they are not only strategic assets but profitable business ventures as well," said Emmanuel Katongole, the chairperson of UNOC board of directors. Current laws give the government a fixed 15 per cent stake in all upstream activities but UNOC is concluding the process to manage its 15 per cent interest in the Kingfisher development area (Hoima) and Tilenga Development Projects (Buliisa and Nwoya districts oil fields).UNOC wants to go into exploration with interests far above what has been prescribed by the law, riding on model production sharing agreements, which prescribe 20 per cent state participation. "Any participating interest that UNOC will acquire in the new ventures will be above the mandatory 15 per cent state participation," UNOC's chief legal and corporate affairs officer, Peter Mulisa, told The EastAfrican.
Power producer KenGen earned Sh57 million from the sale of carbon credits in the year to June this year. Managing Director Rebecca Miano said while the firm would continue participating in the emissions trading system, earnings are likely to remain subdued by the sub-sector’s prevailing trading framework and a slowdown in the global momentum. The carbon trading system is aimed at reducing pollution by penalising polluters and at the same time enabling companies or countries to earn from their environmentally friendly projects.“Some of the international protocols that brought forth these carbon credits framework have not come out very clearly as to the future of the system. We have registered some projects in Olkaria and Kindaruma and have plans to register more, but it is not a big revenue stream. Global momentum has not continued on a high trajectory,” said Miano in a recent interview. KenGen is among the few firms in Kenya that are earning from their green projects. Others that have in the past earned from the sale of carbon credits include Mumias Sugar Company, East Africa Portland Cement, and Kenya Power. In the financial year to June 2017, the firm earned Sh57 million from carbon credits, down from Sh91 million in 2015. There were no earnings in the year to June 2016. Miano said the firm would focus on other diversified revenue streams.
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The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB) has approved a loan of € 150m to help finance the 420 MW Nachtigal hydroelectric project, with the financial support of other partners. Nachtigal, will come online in 2022, thereby increasing the county's existing electricity installed capacity by 30%. This will also help to lower the cost of electricity in the long-term. The project is in line with the AfDB's initiative to promote renewable energy, whose share of the electricity generation portfolio increased from 14% during 2007- 2011 to 70% between 2012 and 2017. The Board of Directors of the Bank recalled the current challenges in Cameroon's electricity sector and expressed their support for an integrated approach to address the challenges adequately and efficiently with the assistance of other development partners. The 420 MW run-of-river hydroelectric power plant, jointly designed and developed by the Republic of Cameroon, EDF International-Electricité de France and the International Finance Corporation (IFC), is an essential component of the National Development Plan for the electricity sector and a key priority for the country. The AfDB provided advisory services to the Government through the African Legal Support Facility (ALSF), to ensure that the project was well grounded. Nachtigal will provide clean and reliable energy at a competitive price, thereby boosting economic growth and increasing job creation, while bridging the energy gaps in Cameroon and the central Africa sub-region. The hydropower facility will help reduce the use of fossil fuels, and make positive environmental and socio-economic impact in the surrounding communities.
Executive Directors of the African Development Bank Group have approved a loan and a grant amounting to US$ 97.79m for the rehabilitation of power systems in Ethiopia. The US$83.64m loan and US$14.15m grant from the African Development Fund (ADF), the concessional window of the AfDB Group will be used to finance the rehabilitation and upgrading of power transmission and distribution Systems in the capital, Addis Ababa. The Bank financed the systems distribution master plan study in 2015. The Project, to be completed in three years, involves rehabilitation & construction of 545 km of medium voltage lines, replacement and installation of 582 distribution transformers, 14 primary substations and establishment of supervisory control and data acquisition system (SCADA) for operations and control. It also includes upgrading nine existing high voltage substations and construction of one 132 KV, 3.8 km double circuit km overhead line. The project will support Ethiopia government's efforts to remove constraints on the electricity infrastructure; meet growing demand in the capital city and its environs; replace obsolete equipment to reduce energy losses and overloads, all which aim to improve the quality of electricity supply. It will also address the connection backlogs estimated at 432,000 due to inadequate distribution capacity.
GreenCape and the South African Wind Energy Association (SAWEA) hosted 150 high school students from various Atlantis schools at the second annual Atlantis Career Expo. The event held on Friday, was designed to drive awareness and interest among Atlantis students about career opportunities in renewable energy. "With the recent progress in establishing Atlantis as a green technology innovation and manufacturing hub, now is the perfect time to engage our youth in that goal," said Patricia de Lille, Executive Mayor, City of Cape Town. Among the notable and inspirational exhibits at the event was Durban University of Technology’s Energy Drive Bus.The custom-designed bus serves as an experiential climate change and renewable energy mobile education station. It’s equipped with ten solar photovoltaic panels, a 600-watt wind turbine, a biodigester, a solar hot water display unit and a battery bank, GreenCape explained in a statement.
Dubai-based power developer Access Power, in partnership with the Dutch development bank, FMO, have launched the 2018 FMO Access Power Solar 'Shark Tank' Competition. Reda El Chaar, executive chairman of Access Power, said: "Following the competition's successful launch in 2016, we are thrilled to have once again partnered with FMO to promote and help development of early stage solar projects in Africa, Asia and Latin America.”The initiative is aimed at helping local solar power developers that require development support to make their innovative solar projects more impactful. In order to be considered for the grant, the proposed projects must be located in Asia, Africa or Latin America and be based on solar PV technology. They should also meet the capacity criterion of 10MW or more, and be at an advanced stage of development (preliminary feasibility studies should have been completed). Furthermore, eligible projects should have an innovative or impactful angle to the project that can be developed with support of the grant.The 2018 proposals will be screened and scored by a pre-selection committee assembled by the sponsors. Four shortlisted finalists will be invited to present their projects and answer questions from a panel of judges on the 15th of February 2018 during the second edition of the 'Making Solar Bankable' conference to be held in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Cape Verde, the small island archipelago nation off Africa's northwest coast, has set itself a very bold renewable energy target. As part of its "sustainable energy for all" agenda, it has pledged to obtain 100% of its electricity from renewable resources by 2025. Cape Verde is made up of 10 islands, nine of which are inhabited, that lie about 600km west of Senegal. Almost all of the islands' 550,000 residents have access to electricity, but about one-third still rely on firewood and charcoal for cooking. Cape Verde's per capita electricity consumption of 727 kWh per person per year is substantially higher than the sub-Saharan Africa average of 488 kWh per person per year. But electricity prices are high. They range from US$0.26 - 0.32 in recent years compared, for example, to an average of US$0.13 for residential homes in the US. Although most of its electricity is produced by generators, which run on imported petroleum products, Cape Verde has started to diversify its energy portfolio. A quarter is now provided by renewable sources. This is good news because there are estimates that, between 2015 and 2020, Cape Verde will almost double its annual electricity consumption to 670 GWh, up from 360 GWh.With cutting-edge technologies and innovative business practices, Cape Verde can achieve its 100% renewable energy goal in a way that is cost-effective and equitable. One research team suggested that a system based on solar, wind and energy storage (as batteries and pumped hydropower) could meet Cape Verde's goals. It certainly has a wide range of options for increasing its share of renewable energy to achieve this. Some countries obtain almost all of their electricity from renewable sources, but these have substantial hydroelectric resources. Cape Verde, lacking large hydropower resources, would be unique in achieving 100% renewable energy with a diverse resource mix.
Energy Minister Boakye Agyarko has confirmed that the West African Gas Pipeline's Reverse Gas Flow Project should be ready by Q2 2018, for the transportation of gas from Aboadze to Tema for power generation. GhanaWeb reported that at present, gas from oilfields on the West coast only terminates at the Aboadze thermal enclave in the Western Region. However, Agyarko affirmed that the project is progressing steadily and is on course to be completed before the first gas from the Sankofa-Gye Nyame field come on-stream by the end of Q2 next year. While addressing members of parliament, the Minister touched on some of the major project updates including the conclusion and signing off of the Gas Transportation Agreement (GTA) between the Ghana National Gas Company (GNPC) and West African Pipeline Company (WAPCo). He said all other agreements are at the final stages and signing off. They include: Construction Management Agreement (CMA) between Eni Ghana and WAPCo; CMA between Eni Ghana and GNGC; Tie-In and Interconnection Agreement between WAPCo and GNGC; and the Tie-In and Interconnection Agreement between Eni Ghana and GNGC. “All these agreements are being negotiated concurrently, since they are independent of each other. The most critical activities [signing of the GTA Term Sheet] and the award of the EPC contract have been undertaken and the project is on schedule to meet its completion date,” he said.
The Namibian regional electricity distributor, Erongo Red, has commissioned a state-of-the-art substation at Walvis Bay to keep up with the high electricity demand. Speaking at the inauguration on Friday, Erongo Red CEO Fessor Mbango said that the upgrade has by far been the company's biggest project to date. According to the New Era, at present Walvis Bay's electricity consumption is about 60MW and has put added strain on the network. However, the system upgrade will meet the town's growing demand with the station's 120MW transfer capacity at 11 kilovolt. "Our position has always been to reinvest in our network and to ensure that we provide exceptional services to our customers. Our vision is to bring electricity to all by 2020 and upgrading our network is very crucial in our drive to fulfil this vision. "Hence, this upgrade will enable us to address critical problems by improving reliability, enabling critical upgrades to be undertaken, reducing network constraints and minimising unplanned interruptions," Mbango said. The N$570 million ($40 million) project was a joint venture between Erongo Red and Nampower. The electricity distributor contributed N$270 million ($19 million) through a loan obtained from the Development Bank of Namibia. Also speaking at the event, permanent secretary in the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Simeon Negumbo, said electricity is a vehicle for economic emancipation and commended Erongo Red and stakeholders for partnering to develop critical infrastructure for the benefit of Walvis Bay. The minister said: "As you are aware, Walvis Bay is of strategic importance to the whole country, thus it is very important that we have the infrastructure to cater for all the current and envisaged projects.
The Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Wind Power Project has been successfully commissioned, connecting an estimated 85,000 local residents to clean the power. Situated in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa, the plant has a generating capacity of 100MW per annum. The announcement was made on the weekend by local government officials.The large-scale wind farm was developed by Chinese firm, China Longyuan Power Group Corporation, in partnership with Mulilo Renewable Energy. The Chinese firm won the contract in 2015 to develop two wind farms – 100MW De Aar Phase I wind system and the 144MW De Aar Phase II North district facility – under the third round of South Africa’s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP). Debt financing was provided by Nedbank Limited acting through its Nedbank Capital Division, and the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa Limited.MN Jack, member of the Executive Council for Finance, Economic Development and Tourism in Northern Cape Province explained that the project’s wind generation is the equivalent of 215,800 tonnes of standard coal and emission reduction of 619,900 tonnes of carbon dioxide. The project makes a positive contribution to the local energy structure and the economic development, Jack said at a ceremony launching the operation on Friday.
The government, through the Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC), is currently undertaking a number of essential petroleum infrastructure projects to enhance the availability of fuel in Kenya and neighbouring countries. These include replacement of pipelines, enhancement of storage capacity and investment in loading facilities. Banking on sufficient and efficient infrastructure systems, Kenya is assured of adequate and reliable supply of petroleum products across the region. It is important to point out that increase in local and regional demand for petroleum products has in recent years not been matched by the development of requisite infrastructure to meet supply chain and market requirements. This is the strategic gap that the KPC seeks to bridge to fuel the national and regional economies. Regional demand for refined petroleum has increased to 13 per cent of Kenya’s total exports, making it the country’s third largest export product after tea and cut flowers. Last year alone, Kenya exported about two billion litres of refined petroleum to the five East African countries and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Uganda leads the pack having imported products worth over Sh1 billion last year.
Ethiopia is a country with untapped potential of energy resources. Presently, realizing its immense contribution for the overall economic development, the nation has now striving to generate electric power using all possible sources. Addis Ababa Waste to Energy Facility is a case in point. Though some tasks have been going on, 97 percent of the civil work of the project is currently completed, the UK based Cambridge Industries Human Resource Director Ermias Alemayehu told recently to The Ethiopian Herald. Indicating that the response to the request for transmission power is necessary to operate the facility, he said due to transmission problems, Testing and Commissioning (T&C) task has not yet started.According to him, T & C aims to lay down the minimum testing and commissioning requirements to be carried out on electrical installation. Mentioning that the project is delayed due to various reasons. He said efforts are underway to complete the job on time. "Currently, we are working in collaboration with the Ethiopian Electric Power to address the problem faced so far. Though some tasks are still going on, it is not performing with full gear."
Rwanda's energy rollout efforts received a boost yesterday following the operationalisation of $50 million to catalyse private sector's investment in off-grid energy solutions. The fund, managed by the World Bank and rolled out through Development Bank of Rwanda, is expected to facilitate the electrification of about 445,000 households in the next seven years. This, when achieved, will increase electricity access in the country by about 19 per cent. The current energy access rate stands at about 40 per cent. A section of the funds will also be used to avail credit facilities to mini-grids and developers in the sector. The intervention comes barely a month after local players in the renewable energy sector under their umbrella body, Energy Private Developers, had come out seeking financing to help meet national targets. The fund will allow a section of SACCOs, commercial and micro-finance institutions provide affordable loans to their clients to purchase certified solar systems. Dr Livingstone Byamungu, the chief investment officer at BRD, said the main objective of the fund is to increase affordability and reduce access to finance challenges.
Hoima — President Yoweri Museveni and Tanzania foreign minister Dr. Augustine Mahiga have laid a foundation stone at the start point of the 1,445km-long East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) in Hoima, Uganda. Saturday's function marked the climax of the visit by Tanzania's president John Magufuli, who inaugurated the Mutukula One Stop Border Post on Thursday and signed several agreements with his Ugandan counterpart on Friday and early Saturday. Mahiga represented Magufuli at the EACOP event in Hoima. In August, Museveni and Magufuli commissioned the construction of pipe line from Hoima district in Uganda by laying the first foundation stone at the Tanzanian port of Tanga. The heated crude oil pipe line, the longest of its kind in the world, will cost $3.5 billion and will be completed by 2020 making Uganda join the ranks of oil producing countries. The pipeline works will be undertaken by Total E&P, CNOOC and Tullow Oil together with the two governments of Uganda and Tanzania. The pipe line will on completion carry 216,000 barrels of crude oil for export daily.Tanzania's Dr. Mahiga hailed Uganda for the discovery of oil and investment in scientists to ensure the project succeeds.
eThala Management Services has secured $990,000 from the African Development Bank (AfDB) to implement a 10MW biomass power plant in Harding, KwaZulu Natal Province. The project's source of biomass is agricultural, forestry and timber processing waste, which coupled with the gasification technology, presents significant CO2 emission reduction benefits, the AfDB noted. The power plant is expected to deliver economic empowerment and boost the socio-economic development of the Harding community. The viability of this project is anticipated to have a significant demonstration effect with regards to bioenergy while showcasing corporate power purchase agreements as an anchor for renewable energy generation. "With the sponsor being a women-led business, the project is aligned with the Bank's Affirmative Finance Action for Women in Africa and can have a significant demonstration effect," said Ousseynou Nakoulima, AfDB's renewable energy and energy efficiency director. The funding has been approved under the bank’s multi-donor facility,
The government of Uganda has received a loan from the African Development Bank and grants from the European Union - Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund in various currencies towards the cost of the Uganda Rural Electricity Access Project. It is intended that part of the proceeds of this loan/financing will be applied to eligible payments under the contract for design, supply, and installation of medium voltage networks and last mile consumer connections. Lot-1: Central service territory (Nakasongola, Kiryandongo and Environs) Lot-3: Central North, Eastern and North-Eastern service territories (Alebtong, Amuria, Soroti, Mbal, eManafwa, Serere, Ngora, Bukedea and environs)Lot-7: North North-West Service Territory (Gulu, Nwoya, Lira and environs) using concrete poles.The Rural Electrification Agency (REA) now invites sealed bids from eligible bidders for the construction and completion of: design, supply, and installation of medium voltage networks and last mile consumer connections (Lot-1, Lot-3 & Lot-7). International competitive bidding will be conducted in accordance with the Bank's Rules and Procedures for Procurement of Goods and Works, and specifically, through Single Stage Bidding Procedures. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information from and inspect the bidding documents at the following address from 08:00 to 17:00 hours local time.
More than 100 pumped storage hydropower projects totaling some 75 GW of new capacity are in the pipeline around the world, according to a new online tracking tool. The new Hydropower Pumped Storage Tracking Tool – developed by the International Hydropower Association (IHA) – maps the locations and vital statistics of existing and planned projects. The interactive tool was launched by the IHA at the COP23 climate conference in Bonn, Germany this week.According to the tracking tool, the 100 planned projects will increase existing global storage capacity by 50%, from 150 GW to almost 225 GW, the IHA said in a statement. The first of these projects will come on line in 2018, and the majority will be operational by 2030.The IHA explains that pumped storage hydropower, otherwise known as the world’s ‘water batteries’, is the cleanest and most cost-effective form of energy storage existing today. Adding that it makes up more than 95% of global energy storage, next to less than 5% combined for thermal, electromechanical and electrochemical storage, including lithium batteries. Richard Taylor, chief executive of the IHA, said: “Pumped storage is the cleanest battery on earth, simply cycling water between two water bodies at different elevations.
The idea of using private capital to bridge the power capacity gap has yielded positive results, thanks to financial guarantees, writes World Bank energy specialists. Achieving development impact through increased access to electricity requires countries to mobilise private investments. Since 1994 Africa has attracted over $25 billion through independent power projects (IPPs), installing 11GW of generation capacity. A similar approach using financial guarantees could be used to bridge the financing gap in the transmission network. Estimates of annual investments required for transmission network expansion from 2015 to 2040 range between $3.2 and $4.3 billion. These investments are critical to delivering cost-effective power to households and industries. They are also critical to the development of Africa’s vast power-generation potential. To date, private sector business models have had limited success in expanding transmission networks. The IPT (independent power transmission) model, which can assist in bringing additional private investment to Africa, has worked well in several countries in Latin America and is comparable, in many ways, to the IPP approach with similar project financing structures.
In Nigeria, Sokoto State government declared that it has started the process of connecting a number of rural households to solar power in order to deepen energy usage and enhance rural electrification in the region. According to the Vaunguard, Alhaji Bashir Gidado, the special adviser to Governor Aminu Tambuwal on Public Private Partnership (PPP), made the disclosure at a news conference in Sokoto this past weekend. Gidado said the project was a partnership between the state government and Nigeria Energy Support Project (NESP), GIZ of Germany and GoSolar.Gidado added that a pilot scheme has already started in Kurdula, a rural settlement in Balle town of Gudu local government area of the state. He noted: "This is an off grid mini solar project and the idea is to provide solar power to rural communities that are not covered by the national grid using solar energy which we have in abundance in Sokoto State.”
Newly established Trafo Power Solutions has been selected to supply the Vereeniging-based Rand Water Zuikerbosch Water Treatment Works with thirteen custom designed dry-type transformers.According to David Claassen, managing director of Trafo Power Solutions, the rationale for a project to go the route of using cast resin or dry-type transformers is for a number of reasons. “Prime among these is the inherent safety offered by these units as well as ease of installation given the fact that they are installed inside built substations as opposed to outdoors with associated special bunding and civils. ”He adds that dry-type transformers are categorised as F1 in terms of international fire resistance ratings, making them low risk as they are self-extinguishing and flame-retardant by nature. “With zero risk of fire, the high safety rating of dry-type transformers allows them to be installed indoors, avoiding the cost and inconvenience of the special structures normally required to accommodate the safety and environmental hazards related to oil-filled units.”
A solar facility made up of 720 solar PV modules and coupled with a 315 Kwh storage system is expected to power several communities of the Bongolava region.The population of Belobaka, a locality situated 291 km from Antananarivo, in the Bongolava region of Madagascar has finally gained access to electricity. The president of Madagascar Hery Rajaonarimampianina inaugurated a solar-plus-storage power facility on the 27th of October. The project was financed by the US Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) in the frame of the $63 million program “Power Africa” which aims to enlarge access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa. The PV plant in Belobaka is one of 100 units set to be installed throughout Madagascar. The plant has 720 PV modules and the batteries in place have a 315 Kwh storage capacity, which can supply electricity for 3 days without running out. According to the U.S. ambassador Robert Yamate, this investment is a new step towards cooperation between the two states, with this project showing how the adoption and implementation of these new innovating technologies can help electrify rural Madagascar.
Hwange Colliery Company Limited, which is expected to reach 400,000 tonnes monthly production by December, is now pushing for an increase in export sales to earn the much needed foreign exchange for the company to expand its operations. Building on the success of Project Gijima, the mining company is planning to replicate the scheme by launching Project Gijima 2 to boost its export sales through selling of underground coal and coking coal to other countries. According to the Herald Business, the colliery is in an arrangement with both local and international banks to raise around $400 million for the company's total operations. However, in addition to that Hwange intends to produce abundant coal and coking coal to earn forex. The company’s managing director, engineer Thomas Makore, recently told the Herald Business that the resumption of underground mining at Project Gijima 2 will finance some of their projects to retool its operations with modern and more efficient equipment and technologies, through selling of some of its produce to South Africa and other nations. He said Gijima 1's main focus on its 100 Day Rapid Results project, was mainly production and productivity improvement but Gijima 2's focus will be exports among other things.
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